Electrical Transformers: Functions and Constituents

What is an electrical transformer?

A long history of inventions and advancements in the field of electricity made electrical transformers the most attractive and progressed arena of study. This interesting device is witnessing a very fast evolution. Nowadays, electrical transformer companies are competing to push this industry even further and to afford the latest technological advancement to their clients.

Electrical transformers history:

Long ago in 1831, the English scientist Michael Faraday discovered separately the main principles of transformers’ mechanism. The principle is based on an inductive law of electromagnetism. Since that year, many electric engineers have decided to work on that discovery and develop it more.  The year 1885 was the beginning of the real appearance of electrical transformers. From that era until now, the device has become a keystone in entire three phases of electrical energy transmission. Whether in the generation, transmission or distribution phase: transformers are the protagonist of the electrical chain.

A close definition of electrical transformers:

Starting with a simple definition, electrical transformers are composed of two (sometimes more) bobbins of flexes their role is to remit electricity power within a magnetic field. Surely, the operation is more complicated in terms of functionalities and equipment but that was the basic principle of transformers. Equally important, the principle of physics that electrical transformers follow is build upon a reciprocal stimulation or induction shared by two circuits. It is important to notice that these circuits are related by the same magnetic field.

What are the roles and components of electrical transformers?

Electrical Transformers: Functions and Constituents

In this section, we are going to explain electrical transformers potency. According to electrical transformer suppliers, this machine has significant roles within the entire power transmission process.

The role of electrical transformers:

Transformers are converters of voltage. The mission is to transport alternating current (AC) from an initial circuit to another one while converting the electrical power value. This operation is the main function of electrical transformers. Another key point is that nonetheless electrical transformers convert and change voltage from a phase to another; they do not change the current frequency.

The main objective of this operation is to ensure the suitable safety needs for the consumer as a first target. Second concern is energy efficiency, thus voltage modulation is an efficacious tool to improve the energy system. When a transformer conveys its mission perfectly this means that the electricity will be delivered successfully. Without transformers, the whole procedure will halt.

Electrical components of transformers:

It is true that there are different kinds of transformers, yet, there are three main elements that are shared by all kinds of transformers.  These elements basically exist in every transformer device. This fact is due to the almost common mission conveyed by transformers. The main mission is always the same (at least for most cases) however; it differs a little in the function and procedure.

  1. The electrical transformer first part constitutes of principal winding attached directly to the electrical power resource (coming from the main magnetic flow).
  2. In the engineering field, the transformer second main part is known as an essential magnetic hub where the flow and connection to a secondary winding is created.
  3. The third major part is called secondary winding which finalizes the whole operation and links between the mentioned elements. Consequently, secondary winding creates that motion which starts from principal winding and traverses the magnetic core to reach it again.

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