An introduction about smart cities:
Many studies have been written about the notion of smart cities. These studies, defined, analyzed and observed all about smart cities. These studies also highlighted the future of our cities if ever shifted fully to the smart conception.
Definition of the notion smart city
The notion of “smart city” has developed over years and has been a topic of research since couple of decades. The notion is modern and revolutionary and still in progress. Starting with the term city itself, we can say that it is the output of modernity. The rapid pace of the growing phenomena of urbanization is really impressive. Cities are core foundations of a futurist vision that is necessary to the building of stronger societies. The global societal and economic key role of building smart cities is enormous on environment. Urban areas need to be developed and transformed to intelligent and sustainable areas, this would be the solution. To conclude, the establishment of smart cities means the exploitation of the technological assets to work on favor of cities inhabitants. Thus, providing more clean energy and homogenous environment through a clever technological management.
The urgent need to build smart cities:
Smart cities or intelligent cities need to be build upon sustainability and good, high tech energy management. The combination of technology and clean energy is the core value of a smart city. The idea is essential to enable communities to manage and control energy consumption in order to decrease their energy bills (electricity, gas, water and other types) and to protect their environment. The infrastructure of smart cities is so peculiar and specialized. According to studies, more than half of the globe inhabitants (around 4.500 billion) live in cities. This rate is estimated to increase drastically to 70 percent by 2050. Accordingly, the consumption of energy would intensify hand in hand with that growth in urban areas. The environmental issues also would be catastrophic if more than half of the globe people will use unclean energies. Therefore, smart cities represent the futurist solution for environmental, economic, and social dilemma of the growing urbanization.
Features of smart cities:
As explained earlier building more cities and making these cities smarter are the orientation of the future. Smart cities have great impact on our lives, health and security. Consequently, here is some traits of the features of smart cities:
- Urbanization facilities are enhanced greatly through the suitable infrastructure of roads and energy management. Thus, smart grids are the bases of the establishment of smart cities. That is smart grids and well-organized city order are the first feature of smart cities.
- A better energy management and control is not the only benefit of smart cities. Rather a better implementation of renewable energy is the greatest benefit of an intelligent city model.
- Smart cities are also the main trait of local governance; though it sounds complicated, smart cities facilitate the whole procedure. It allows governmental employees (responsible for energy management) to convey better services to the consumer. This control, supervision and manipulation happens through smart meters and advanced information technology tools (ITT).
- IT software and what is called Internet of Things (IOT) are fundamental instrument for the establishment of smart cities. Therefore, technology is a main feature too.
Best examples of smart cities:
After the previous explanation of how to build a smart city, we are going to provide a list of top smart cities in the world. Let us acknowledge that a smart city is totally based on the world of intelligence versus clean energy and smart grids. It represents the interaction of energy production and technological assets as a major starting point. That was the point that countries like USA, London and France for instance have used to be ranked first in the world of the creation of smart cities.
New York City, United States: That city is stated as “smartest city” in the previous year 2017.
The plan was to afford internet to the entire city inhabitants, allowing the appearance of smart hubs (with a strong WIFI signal). The connection services, thus, were shared and managed flawlessly and the energy was clean. Mobile application contest was held every year to encourage best application and practices towards smarter cities.
San Francisco, United States:
This mega city is considered a pioneer in the world concerning intelligent city realization. The equation ecosystem, internet wireless connectivity and data sharing is totally solved. The city of San Francisco possesses 41 per cent of sources depending on sustainable energy. The rate of smart grids reached 130 per cent in the recent last decade. Eventually, the city is creating more mobile applications and software to boost more the smartness of the grids.
London, United Kingdom:
This city is mostly famous by its smart roads and transportation thus the environmental services are in the core of these high tech systems. The innovative idea of creating the biggest hub of free WIFI in Europe has supported the project of smart city enormously. The cleanness of the ecosystem is the benchmark of the project and the secret of success of this city.
As a touristic destination, the city Paris has to find urgent solution for the savage exploitation of energy and the environmental issues caused by these waves of tourists. For these reasons, the city has improved its digital system to master renewable energy sources and to be a leader in the field.
The prize the Intelligent Community of the Year Award was given to Sweden in the year 2009. Moreover, the city has gained the prize of Europe’s Green Capital in 2010 entitled by the European Commission. Starting from these years to now, the city has improved even more and become the world leader of internet speed and wireless connectivity. The fact that made it a fully digitized. That digitization is the corner stone of the smartness of the city and the key to an unprecedented green ecosystem.