Biomass and environment
Among a variety of renewable energy sources, biomass is considered one of the most convenient sources. The power generated from a simple procedure of burning wood, sometimes other organics, is remarkable. This burning process induces the emission of carbon. This emission can be used in the production of different resources and different biofuels.
Biomass forms and power generated:
Biomass is not only woods, it is also solid wastes, agricultural wastes, sugar of plants and others. Strange enough, human wastes are equally a source of biogas and electricity. A household can produce what they need of gas to cook and of electricity from their sheer wastes (or their animals if there are any). If human wastes were managed safely and correctly, they can power about 138 million households. The origins of the biomass sources are that different so likewise the energy generated. Methane gas, ethanol (alcohol fuel) and biodiesel (chemical fuel) are the other forms of biomass derivations.
Impact of biomass on environment:
These forms are significantly important and they are often considered sustainable, clean and green. However, this is not always the case. Legally speaking, EU and UN admit that biomass is renewable as another plant can substitute each tree. That fact could be greatly beneficial, as a good forest health requires cutting down trees and bushes regularly. Moreover, biomass protects the air cleanness and offers a great opportunity of humans to take care of their environment. The part of waste management in which we can provide energy from humans’ wastes, garbage, animal dung, and other organic solid wastes is a brilliant part of the eco-solution. In fact, many countries like India have a crisis of human wastes and animals dung management. Therefore, generating gas and electricity from their waste would be a brilliant escape from that issue. It is the ideal exit: transforming a constant concern like waste management as such to a valuable source of fuel and electricity.
Biomass market value in the USA
In the year 2016, worldwide market of biomass fuels were around 101 billion U.S. dollars. It is considered a lucrative business and it is environment friendly and causes less harm than fossil fuels.
Noticing that petroleum prices are increasing uncontrollably, biofuels is certainly a very clever alternative. That is why USA was a leading country in the adoption of biomass and its derivations. In 2016, for instance the generation of energy through biomass (mainly biofuel) amplified to around 36 million metric tons of oil equivalent. However, the European continent is the leader of biodiesel power. Under those circumstances, in 2017 the American government is generating 43 gigawatt per hours via woods and other organics. Biomass industry capacities are huge if processed in a harmless and right way.
Many biomass companies developed innovative techniques for a better energy generation through organics. Technological assets enhance greatly these techniques.
The international scene and its perpetual instability has been the reason behind governmental and private orientations towards biomass. Petroliferous regions are compelling other countries to undertake revolutionary decision and change their decisions and orientations of energy supply. Economic recessions in many parts of the world, civil wars and agitations generated the tendency towards green energies. Countries wanted to be independent in terms of energy supply they wanted to rely on their own resources to provide their sufficient energy need. Consequently, there is a global strategy to reach 36 billion gallons by 2022. Biomass is a way to reduce dependency on carbons, coal, petroleum, etc. It is also a way to moderate and reduce pollution and CO² emissions.
To recapitulate biomass pros and cons are relative and controversial. No one can confirm that it is sustainable but also no one can be certain that it is nonrenewable. In addition, no one can confirm that it is environmentally friendly but also no one can say that it is hazardous.